Age of Industry Introduction (02:03)
On September 23, 1877, rebel Samurai soldiers faced the Japanese army. This segment orients viewers to the battle between the rural traditional past and the industrial future.
Steam Engines (02:36)
Coal fired steam engines powered Great Britain's Industrial Revolution, eliminating power limits on production.
George Stevenson's locomotion promoted social changes. People went to the cities to work in factories, as investors and traders looked for new markets.
Tea Trade (02:20)
Despite China's closed market, the British desired tea; one tenth of British revenue came from tea taxes. The Chinese only traded for silver or smuggled opium, grown by the British in India.
Canton Traders Shut Down (02:30)
Commissioner Lin shut down the illegal opium trade and closed the trading zone until the British surrendered their opium stores; traders refused to give up their lucrative market.
Chinese Opium Wars (01:55)
The British Navy sailed up the Pearl River, opening Chinese ports for British traders and Hong Kong. Rural societies around the world were pressured by growing industrial powers.
Russian Serfs (01:24)
Aristocratic landowners in 19th century Russia owned the serfs who worked the land. The Crimean War convinced Tsar Alexander II to sweep away the old serf economy.
Leo Tolstoy's Revelation (02:57)
Count Leo Tolstoy offered to sell land to his serfs, but they held out for the Tsar's rumored emancipation.
Serfs Became Revolutionaries (02:30)
Tolstoy freed his serfs and opened schools. Serf revolts followed the Tsar's restrictive emancipation offer.
America's Civil War (04:15)
The war echoed the struggle between the agricultural south and the industrialized north. Lincoln's Emancipation Act intended to destroy the South's economy to save the Union.
Lincoln's Assassination (03:59)
Lincoln led a procession of former slaves through the streets of the recently defeated Richmond, VA. He was assassinated 10 days later.
Growth of American Industry (01:55)
After the Civil War, angry southerners imposed segregation laws while the industrialized northern economy sought new markets.
Commodore Matthew Perry Demands Trade (02:34)
Commodore Matthew Perry arrived in Japan with steam ships. Japanese rulers acquiesce and rush to modernize their economy; the Samurai fought back under Saigo Takamori.
Last of the Samurai (04:13)
Samurai Saigo Takamori led a traditional Samurai army against a modernized army. After Saigo's death, Japan quickly industrialized- Takamori remained a hero.
Belgium Expansion (04:42)
Henry Morton Stanley's Congo River maps interested Belgian King Leopold II. He made treaties with the African kings and acquired a colony for himself.
Scramble for Africa (03:31)
European nations began dividing Africa. Leopold II's terror regime in the Congo was revealed. The Belgian government denounced the genocide and took Leopold's control of the Congo.
Grab for Land and Power (02:19)
In WWI, the industrial European nations turned on one another. America stayed clear of the conflict until German Civil Servant, Arthur Zimmermann, intervened.
Arthur Zimmermann Pushes America into WWI (03:35)
Arthur Zimmermann proposed a plan to distract the Americans as German submarines isolated Britain. His intercepted plan for a Mexican invasion convinced Woodrow Wilson to enter the war.
Arthur Zimmermann Foments the Bolshevik Revolution (04:21)
In 1917, Zimmermann's plan to undermine Russia's war effort took Lenin, and comrades to Petrograd where the Bolshevik Revolution began. After WWI, two ideological superpowers emerged.
Credits: Age of Industry: History of the World (00:31)
Credits: Age of Industry: History of the World
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