Segments in this Video

Early Spiritual Rebellions (01:52)


In 203 AD, Perpetua was sentenced to death by Romans in Carthage for refusing to denounce her faith—a symbol of worldwide struggles between religion and authority.

Ashoka's Remorse (03:13)

Learn how the Mauryan Emperor went on a rampage in neighboring Kalinga in the 2nd century BC. Instead of feeling triumph, he reflected on suffering caused by war.

Mauryan Empire Tolerance (03:45)

Learn how Ashoka turned to Buddhism and promoted peace and human rights across his empire. He spread his message through written edicts and continues to inspire non-violent leaders.

Qin Dynasty (02:02)

By 221 BC, Qin Shi Huang had perfected the "rain of arrows" tactic to conquer mainland Asia and found China. Learn how he united his empire through a single writing system.

Terracotta Army (02:14)

Emperor Qin believed he would take China with him to the afterlife. Learn about his city sized underground mausoleum protected by mannequin soldiers.

Qin Legacy (03:46)

The emperor imposed legalism on China and despised Confucius' humanist philosophy, burning books and killing scholars. Despite his tyranny, he united China.

Egyptian-Roman Alliance (05:28)

China and Rome ruled similar populations and territories but never came into contact. In 48 BC, Julius Caesar arrived in Egypt; learn how Cleopatra seduced him to capture the throne in Alexandria.

Caesar's Divine Status (04:35)

Caesar founded the Jupiter Cult and was assassinated in 44 BC; successive emperors used his model for political legitimacy. A civil war ensued and Cleopatra killed herself; Egypt became a Roman province.

Paul the Apostle (04:29)

Learn how Saul participated in Stephen's martyrdom. According to the Bible, he was blinded on the way to persecute Christians in Damascus.

Early Evangelism (02:48)

Learn how Paul endured hardships while spreading Christianity to non-Jewish populations. He was arrested and beheaded in Rome.

Christian Persecution (05:39)

Christian executions were used as Roman entertainment. Hear Perpetua's account of a vision where she fought the devil while awaiting death in 203 AD.

Martyrdom Cult (04:38)

Public executions such as Perpetua's were seen as brave acts by Romans, who began converting to Christianity. Learn how Constantine transformed it to a fighting religion.

Nazca Culture (05:04)

In 535-536 AD, limited sunlight caused global crop failures. View sacrificial victims in Cahuachi and learn how the society cut down huarango trees for agricultural expansion.

Nazca Downfall (01:11)

30 years of rain without huarango tree roots caused soil erosion, followed by 30 years of drought. The society increased human sacrifices and created more lines; crop failure drove them into the Andes.

Rise of Islam (04:35)

In 620 AD, Ethiopian slave Bilal was tortured for refusing to renounce his faith. A Mohammed disciple bought his freedom; Muslims fled tribal chiefs to Medina where they built a spiritual base.

Faith and Sword (02:32)

Muslims combined spiritual and military struggles to spread their religion; within 150 years of Mohammed's death the Islamic Empire exceeded Roman territory. Today, 1.5 billion people are Muslim.

Credits: The Word and the Sword: History of the World (00:37)

Credits: The Word and the Sword: History of the World

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The Word and the Sword: History of the World

Part of the Series : History of the World
DVD (Chaptered) Price: $300.00
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In this episode, Andrew Marr plunges into the spiritual revolutions that shook the world between 300 BC and 700 AD. This was an age that saw the bloody prince Ashoka turn to Buddhism in India; the ill-fated union of Julius Caesar and Egypt's Cleopatra; the unstoppable rise of Christianity across the Roman Empire and the dramatic spread of Islam from Spain to Central Asia. The most potent human force on the planet came from combining faith and military power; both Christianity and Islam created new empires of 'the word and the sword'. A BBC/Discovery Channel/Open University Co-production. A part of the series History of the World. (59 minutes)

Length: 59 minutes

Item#: FMK57508

ISBN: 978-0-81609-406-6

Copyright date: ©2012

Closed Captioned

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