Tulsa Mass Graves (08:19)
Reverend Robert Turner protests outside Tulsa City Hall to bring attention to the 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre. Reporter DeNeen Brown discovers that a 2019 archeological survey reporting the potential of mass graves is not the first known discovery. Her article leads to a reopening of the investigation.
Beacon of Black Prosperity (04:32)
Joshua B. Freeman asserts that the end of war service and competition for jobs led to racial tensions. The epidemic of racial violence in 1919 is called Red Summer. Post-Civil War, Oklahoma's Black communities, like Tula's Greenwood district, prospered despite racial violence.
Tulsa Race Massacre (09:19)
An incident escalates racial tensions into a fight, looting, and arson. The rampage lasts 16 hours and10,000 people are left homeless; the precise number of dead is unknown. Hundreds of Black citizens flee, some are murdered, and others are sent to internment camps; perpetrators are never charged.
2001 Riot Commission Report (05:21)
Tulsa leaders suppress the truth. For decades, riot survivors and their descendants seek compensation from city government and insurance companies. Many Tulsans learn the truth about the massacre in 2001.
Reparations to the Greenwood Community (06:06)
The 2001 report leads to a series of lawsuits. In 2003, survivors and their descendants sue for reparations. Federal courts rule against the claims, citing the statute of limitations. Researchers are still discovering new details and preserving history.
Greenwood's Stunted Growth (05:43)
Hannibal Johnson discusses the idea that segregation necessitated the creation of Greenwood and that integration had a deleterious economic impact on the area. Urban renewal, roadways, and housing projects in the 1960s and 1970s contribute to further changes.
Tulsa Police Department (10:28)
Experts explore the past and present role of the department and its connection to protests. In 2019, Human Rights Watch releases a study on abusive and overly aggressive policing. In 2020, survivors of the massacre and their descendants file a lawsuit in Oklahoma State court. In 2020, Human Rights Watch takes up the case for reparations.
Digging in Oaklawn Cemetery (14:10)
Archeologists scan a section of the cemetery with radar, detecting three unmarked graves. Eight days of excavating fail to produce results. A Black Lives Matter protest and Blue Lives Matter march converge at City Hall, attracting armed militia members.
Expanding Community Campaigns (05:25)
Nearing the centennial of the Tulsa Race Massacre, historic markers and other tributes make sure the event is not forgotten. Mentorship and entrepreneurship efforts continue in the Black community.
Search for Human Remains (06:58)
Archival records may help identify burial sites and massacre victims. A second excavation reveals twelve coffins. Kary Stackelbeck considers possible reasons for a mass grave, including a major influenza epidemic. A court order is necessary for exhuming the remains.
Lessons From Tulsa (07:18)
The events of 1921 could happen today; it is never too late to do the right thing. Community activists hold a vigil at Oaklawn Cemetery. The mass grave site remains covered while legal and scientific review occur. Many Tulsans hope events will mark an end to denial.
Credits: Tulsa: The Fire and the Forgotten (00:0-5035)
Credits: Tulsa: The Fire and the Forgotten
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