Fascism: Introduction (06:17)
Fascism is a political ideology that rose to power in Europe in the 20th century. It is characterized by a strong central government, a single party system, and a leader who is seen as a hero and savior. Fascism is built on the idea of national unity and discipline, and it often uses violence and intimidation to maintain control.
Era of Fascism in Italy (02:18)
The Victor Emmanuel Monument in Rome, Italy, was designed to celebrate the greatness of Italy. In the 1920s and '30s, tens of thousands of Italians would fill this square to hear rousing speeches from the balcony of the monument, delivered by their leader, Benito Mussolini.
How Did Fascism Start (01:40)
Fascism starts with violence and a paramilitary force to intimidate opponents.
Mussolini: Great Speaker and Actor (02:03)
Mussolini was a great speaker and actor who used his charisma to hypnotize and control his followers. He was able to build a strong following and achieve a lot of success in the beginning of his rule.
Era of Fascism (02:03)
Mussolini was a fascist dictator in Italy who was very popular in the 1920s and 1930s because he brought stability and jobs to the country. He was also very good at propaganda and making himself look like a great leader.
Era of Fascism (04:57)
Fascist architecture is designed to remind people that the state is more important than the individual. Fascism is taking root in Germany, and Hitler is using the same tactics to gain power. He blames Germany's problems on scapegoats, like Jews and communists.
Adolf Hitler Takes Power (02:29)
Adolf Hitler was appointed chancellor of Germany in 1933, after a fire in the Reichstag gave him an excuse to consolidate power and silence opposition. He followed a playbook that has inspired autocrats ever since, establishing total control of the government and using violence and the threat of violence to silence opposition.
Germany's Economic Plan (03:23)
Hitler was a dictator who improved the economy of Germany through large public works projects and deficit spending. He also had no use for labor unions and replaced them with the Nazi Party controlled German Labour Front. The auto industry boomed during the Nazi era.
Hitler's New Title "Der Fuhrer" (01:59)
Fascism is a system where the government is controlled by a dictator and the people are united under one common goal. Individuality is discouraged and the people are expected to obey the government without question.
Establishment of the Third Reich (04:41)
The Nazis used propaganda to create a sense of national unity and to control the media. Hitler declared the Third Reich, a powerful German empire that would last a thousand years using the Nuremberg Zeppelin Field for his rallies.
Cradle of the Third Reich (04:00)
Hitler's Eagle's Nest was used to soften his image and make him look good to the public. It was also used to show his power and intimidate other countries. His visits were lovingly filmed to show him as the embodiment of all that was good about Germany. This alpine getaway was just south of Munich in Berchtesgaden.
Picasso's reaction to war (02:32)
Fascism is a type of government that is oppressive and relies on violence and intimidation to stay in power. It is popular among the people because it can bring some benefits, such as economic stability, but it has a darker side that comes at a cost.
Actions of a Master Race (03:40)
The Nazis were a political party in Germany that rose to power in 1933. They believed in a master race, and that anyone who did not fit into their model could be viewed as an enemy of the state. They started putting their anti Semitic ideas into action as early as 1933, when they organized a boycott of Jewish businesses. They also organized burning of books that caused people to question the Nazi agenda.
Fascism Spreads (04:31)
Fascism is a totalitarian political ideology that rose to power in Europe in the 1920s and 1930s. Its militarism threatened peace in Europe, and World War II began when Germany invaded Poland in 1939. The Nazis built death camps, which were located outside of Germany, and targeted the Jewish population for extermination.
The Battle to Reach Berlin (05:07)
The war in Europe ended in 1945 after the Allies defeated Nazi Germany. The death toll was staggering, with six million Jews killed, as well as hundreds of thousands of so called undesirables, political and religious prisoners, and Soviet and Polish citizens.
Fascism in Germany (03:37)
Fascism happened in Germany and it can happen anywhere. To prevent it, we need to be educated and vigilant.
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