Statistics on Sexual Abuse (01:32)
Child sexual abuse is epidemic in the United States and often goes unreported. Health care workers must stay alert to signs of sexual abuse and report immediately.
Sexual Abuse Defined (01:21)
"The use persuasion or coercion of any child to engage in sexually explicit conduct (or a simulation of that conduct) for producing a visual depicition--or for rape, molestation, prostitution or incest." Viewers learn the distinction between assault and abuse.
Sexual Abuse Takes Many Forms (01:02)
Sexual abuse includes touching, fondling, kissing, or any form of genital contact. Molestation, exhibitionism, child pornography and child prostitution are all forms of sexual abuse. Consent is irrelevant in sexual abuse.
Victims of Sexual Abuse (00:36)
Most but not all victims are girls--often the eldest daughter--and victims come from all areas of society. Boys are less likely to report abuse. Abuse has lifelong effects that may be alleviated by early intervention and therapy.
Grooming a Victim for Sexual Abuse (01:29)
The abuser, often male and usually a trusted family member, may "groom" his victim over time. An abuser plays on the fears and needs of children.
Physical Signs of Sexual Abuse (01:53)
Healthcare personnel should be aware of physical signs that could indicate abuse, including but not limited to, injuries to the genitals, anus or throat, or torn, stained or bloody underclothing. An expert should be called in for an accurate diagnosis.
Behavioral Signs of Sexual Abuse (01:39)
Healthcare personnel should be aware of behaviors that could indicate sexual abuse including the sudden emergence of sexual behaviors, withdrawal, and/or the sudden onset of nightmares, aggression or masturbation. More examples are provided here.
Sexual Abuse Resources (00:34)
There is controversy around some methods of investigating abuse. Know what community resources are available and rely on professional investigators. Remain alert to suspicious caretakers.
If You Suspect Abuse (01:29)
Healthcare workers should be alert to caretaker behavior. Although it is an upsetting situation, it is the healthcare worker's responsibility to advocate for the child. Know where your responsibilities begin and end.
Reporting Sexual Abuse (01:15)
Healthcare workers are mandated to report suspected abuse to Child Protective Services. Learn and follow the protocols for your organization.
Credits: Recognizing Child Abuse: Sexual Abuse (00:22)
Credits: Recognizing Child Abuse: Sexual Abuse
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