Child Abuse Overview (01:28)
Every year there are over 6 million reports of child neglect and abuse to CPS services. About 63% of 900,000 cases were based on child neglect. Percentages are provided for physical, emotional, and sexual abuse.
What Is Neglect? (00:48)
Neglect is depriving a child of adequate food, clothing, shelter, or medical care.
Neglectful Caretakers (01:23)
Risk factors for neglectful caretakers include an earlier history of neglect of a caretaker as a child, poverty, lack of appropriate parenting skills, selfishness, ignorance, and lack of positive role models in life.
Forms of Neglect (01:36)
The full range of neglect, including physical and emotional neglect, are described and illustrated by actors. Parents often intentionally attempt to destroy a child's self-esteem; others are ignorant about the effects of their emotionally crippling words and actions.
Mandated Reporters (00:52)
Physicians, nurses, hospital personnel, dentists, medical examiners, and other health caregivers are required to report suspected neglect and abuse if they see suspicious signs. In many states, everyone who suspects abuse is required to report abuse.
Signs of Abuse (01:10)
Signs of physical abuse include lack of appropriate hygiene, obvious lack of care, failure to thrive, reports of bed-wetting, sleep problems, dental caries, and inappropriate behavior in younger and older children.
Suggestive Behaviors (01:06)
In infants and toddlers, lack of a social smile could indicate abuse. Watch for unusual displays of fearfulness, destructiveness, cruelty, and acting out. In older children, withdrawal and anxiety may be indicators of emotional stress.
Suspicious Caretaker (00:46)
In addition to observing the child, look for signs of a suspicious caretaker. These signs present as lack of concern for the child, signs of fear on the part of the child, caretaker drug use or drunkenness, or mental instability, Children might have poor language skills or failure to thrive.
Health Caregiver/Child Interaction (00:45)
Health caregivers can talk to the child about his or her life by asking open-ended questions. Do not lead the child. Demonstrate empathy and compassion for the child. Withhold emotional expressions of horror or disgust.
Reporting Neglect (01:41)
When signs of abuse or emotional distress are observed, child protective services (CPS) must be informed. Follow office or hospital protocols. Suspicions of abuse without evidence should be reported as well.
Credits: Recognizing Child Abuse: Neglect and Emotional Abuse (00:25)
Credits: Recognizing Child Abuse: Neglect and Emotional Abuse
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