Debate "Housekeeping" (02:56)
Moderator John Donvan frames the debate on whether the transatlantic relationship between Europe and the U.S. has been irreparably damaged and introduces panelists.
Opening Statement For: Federiga Bindi (06:22)
University of Rome Tor Vergata Professor and Foreign Policy Initiative Director, Bindi states that the transatlantic relationship has historically experienced highs and lows. She cites 1989 as the year irreparable damage began and the idea of American exceptionalism.
Opening Statement Against: Carla Norrlof (06:17)
Author and University of Toronto Professor, Norrlof defines the transatlantic relationship. The U.S. has invested security interest in maintaining the relationship. Norrlof cites powerful links between Europe and the U.S.
Opening Statement For: Constanze Stelzenmüller (06:03)
Brookings Institution Senior Fellow, Stelzenmüller believes there has been a multitude of power failures on both sides of the transatlantic relationship; the U.S. is alienating allies and Europe is profoundly divided. She cites three reasons the relationship is irreparably damaged.
Opening Statement Against: John Mearsheimer (06:19)
American Political Scientist and University of Chicago Professor, Mearsheimer states that common interest is the "principal glue" that keeps the transatlantic relationship intact; interest nearly always supersedes trust and values. He explains why it is in Europe's interest to maintain the relationship.
Commonality of Interest (13:15)
Donvan summarizes opening statements. Bindi states that the perception of national interest is what matters. Mearsheimer believes most policymakers recognize the U.S. has a vested interest in Europe. Panelists discuss the need for an American presence, the EU, NATO, and the Trump Administration.
Values vs. Interest (04:24)
Bindi states that interests are linked to the moment and values extend across time; values are eroding. Norrlof argues that Europe faces similar challenges as the U.S. and is not convinced that the transatlantic relationship has eroded. Stelzenmüller cites an example of erosion.
Q/A: Cultural Consequences (04:39)
Stelzenmüller worries that dysfunctionalities are not limited to leadership personalities, but are structural. Bindi states that the value of the U.S. presidency extends beyond politics; moral values are eroding. Mearsheimer argues there is no evidence of alliance erosion.
Q/A: European Presence (01:55)
Norrlof believes that European actions are enabling the U.S. to focus more on China and elsewhere. Mearsheimer reflects on the future of a U.S. presence in Europe.
Q/A: Brexit (01:18)
Panelists discuss the impact of the U.K.'s withdrawal from the E.U. on the transatlantic relationship.
Q/A: U.S. Interest in Europe (01:31)
Norrlof does not believe Europe is in such a decline that the U.S. is losing interest in maintaining the transatlantic relationship.
Q/A: Alliance vs. Relationship (03:04)
Mearsheimer states that strategic interest, not moral values, is the basis of America's commitment to Europe. Bindi counters claims that the U.S. promoted the European Coal and Steel Community.
Closing Statement For: Bindi (02:37)
Allowing love and beliefs to guide an analysis often results in a fallible assessment; Bindi references Roman history.
Closing Statement Against: Norrlof (02:12)
Values and morality are not irrelevant, but Norrlof does not see evidence of the Trump Administration irreparably damaging the transatlantic relationship.
Closing Statement For: Stelzenmüller (02:01)
International relations go beyond power competition and economic interdependence. Small events can have cataclysmic consequences and values matter.
Closing Statement Against: Mearsheimer (02:22)
Irreparable damage to the transatlantic relationship has not occurred; liberal democracy remains vibrant. The rise of China gives the U.S. and Europe an opportunity to work together.
Voting and Reflection (04:47)
Donvan cites the purpose of Intelligence Squared debates, thanks panelists and the Brussels Forum, and instructs the audience to vote. Panelists reflect on democratic presidential candidates for 2020.
Audience Voting Results (01:04)
Pre-debate For: 20% - Against: 73% - Undecided: 7% Post-debate For: 24% - Against: 71% - Undecided: 5%
Credits: The Transatlantic Relationship Has Been Irreparably Damaged: A Debate (00:08)
Credits: The Transatlantic Relationship Has Been Irreparably Damaged: A Debate
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