Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (01:42)
Patients may have an uncontrollable need to check things repeatedly or clean their home. These rituals are a method of coping with anxiety. The condition is under-diagnosed and accounts for six percent of national mental health costs.
Diagnosing OCD (02:32)
Learn about diagnostic criteria, typical onset age, and risk factors.
Obsessions are repetitive, intrusive thoughts, images, or impulses that are difficult to control and cause anxiety or distress. Patients attempt to ignore or suppress obsessions and recognize that they are a product of their mind.
Compulsions are the need to engage in overt or mental actions to decrease anxiety associated with an obsession. They include repetitive behaviors aimed at preventing a dreaded event or situation. Distinguish OCD from obsessive-compulsive personality disorder.
Challenges in Identifying OCD (01:34)
OCD may be accompanied by depression, eating disorders, substance abuse, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or other anxiety disorders. OCD is diagnosed when behaviors interfere with daily life. Many patients hide their symptoms while at work or school.
Treating OCD (04:47)
Biological factors are now believed to contribute to OCD, rather than childhood trauma. Serotonin re-uptake inhibitors, behavioral therapy, and cognitive therapy can decrease symptoms. Learn about exposure and response prevention.
Credits: Obsessive - Compulsive Disorder (00:37)
Credits: Obsessive - Compulsive Disorder
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