Polyvagal Perspective (12:48)
Biologically, an individual's nervous system wants to survive and connect. Polyvagal theory assists all forms of treatment modalities including Emotional Freedom Techniques, Internal Family Systems, Cognitive Behavioral Theory, Dialectic Behavioral Therapy, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy, and Neurofeedback. This symposium will teach mapping clients through mobilization, immobilization, and connection.
Autonomic State Creates the Story (04:01)
The state of connection allows for health, restoration, and growth. The system closes to change when a nervous system moves into mobilization or immobilization. Trauma deters a state of regulation.
Principles of Polyvagal Theory: Neuroception (13:24)
Neuroception is detection without awareness. Deb Dana leads participants in two exercises to illustrate the principle. Hierarchy predicts a ventral vagal, sympathetic nervous system or dorsal vagal response. Co-regulation is a biological imperative.
Principles of Polyvagal Theory: Hierarchy (20:42)
The vagus has two response patterns. Parasympathetic dorsal vagal is immobilization; the sympathetic nervous system causes flight, fight, or active freeze responses.
Understanding the Autonomic Hierarchy (18:04)
Dana leads participants in exercises to demonstrate traits of the dorsal vagal, sympathetic, and ventral vagal systems. By channeling energy, the therapist can lead the client back to a ventral vagal state; self-harm occurs in the sympathetic state.
Tracking Autonomic State and State Shifts (09:12)
Individuals are pulled into activation and conservation when not in the ventral vagal state; the vagal brake regulates heart rate. Trauma survivors cannot transition between engagement and disengagement. Clients need to practice the ventral vagal state.
Physiology of the Social Engagement System (11:18)
Five cranial nerves control emotional expression, social gaze, human voice, breathing, social gesture, and orientation. Vocal bursts express 14 emotions across cultures and species. Dana explains increasing autonomic regulation and resilience.
Mapping Autonomic States (15:47)
Therapists need to understand their own state before teaching clients. Dana asks participants to document how they feel when in the dorsal vagal, sympathetic, and ventral vagal tiers. Sighing resets an individual's physiology and psychology.
Additional States (04:28)
Play is a combination of ventral and sympathetic states; intimacy and stillness combines ventral and dorsal states. During co-regulation, the autonomic system feels connected to the world.
Guiding Patients from Dysregulation to Regulation (10:59)
Concentrate on what a patient needs in the moment, be curious, track states, and offer a ventral vagal anchor; separate the state from the story. Recognize the state, respect the adaptive survival strategy, regulate, and then re-story. Dana leads participants in exercises.
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