Century of War and Genocide (06:36)
Nazis filmed street scenes, opera, and games to prove the Jewish population was treated humanely in Terezin. Children were the first sent to gas chamber; only 150 survived the concentration camp. Friedl Dicker-Brandeis filled her luggage with art supplies; soldiers found over 4,000 paintings in two suitcases. (Credits)
Revolution of Art (01:58)
Soichiro Fukutake decided to erect the Chichu Art Museum on Naoshima to create a tranquil area outside of cities. Works of Modern art included Claude Monet, James Turrell, and Walter De Maria.
Piet Mondrian (06:33)
Modern Art concentrated on lines, form, and colors. Mondrian depicted lighthouses as squares of color; he was influenced by cubism and innovative abstract art. Other artwork included a sequence of grid paintings, "Victory Boogie-Woogie," and "Broadway Boogie-Woogie."
Abstract Art (03:03)
Jackson Pollack created a web of lines and color. Marcel Duchamp influenced Andy Warhol's pop culture paintings. Other artists included Jasper Johns and Wayne Thiebaud.
Anselm Kiefer (06:42)
Fighter planes adorned the parking lot of an art studio. Kiefer embraced German history after hearing a recording of Adolf Hitler. In "Occupations," Kiefer was photographed wearing his father's Luftwaffe uniform.
Kara Walker (06:21)
A carving on Stone Mountain paid homage to heroes of the American Confederacy: Robert E. Lee, Jefferson Davis, and Stonewall Jackson. Walker depicted the violence of slavery using silhouettes. "A Subtlety, or the Marvelous Sugar Baby" described the history of slave labor in the sugar industry.
El Anatsui (03:46)
Anatsui created robe-like hangings from bottle tops and did not provide installation instructions for his works. Materials of destruction turned into items of creation.
Cai Guo-Qiang (07:07)
Growing up across the strait from Taiwan, Guo-Qiang heard gunfire and bomb blasts daily. He created a world of paradise and covered it with colored gunpowder;fuses ignited the installation twice.
Depicting Uprooted Individuals (07:26)
AI Weiwei expressed the calamity of displaced terrorized individuals in "Law of the Journey." "Settlement Denied" depicted the plight of those seeking a home. Michal Rovner erected an installation of stones taken from a ruined Israeli or Palestinian house.
Future of Art (02:22)
Humans have created art for 50,000 years. Civilization's strength originated in items made through liberated thought and creative fire.
Credits: What Is Art Good For? Episode 9 (00:21)
Credits: What Is Art Good For? Episode 9
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