Loss of Civilization (05:17)
This series will examine how art has evolved culture and built communities throughout the world. In 2015, Palmyra was attacked and sacked by ISIS. Swiss customs confiscated a bust and sent it to Geneva.
Urge to Create (02:54)
Human creativity began in Africa. An abalone shell containing pigment was discovered on Cape Coast. An individual etched a diamond pattern into a slab of red ochre 75,000 years ago.
El Castillo, Spain (05:06)
Individuals swirled red ochre in their mouths, mixing it with saliva and blowing it onto the walls of a cave. Hand stencils appeared around 37,000 BCE in El Castillo Cave. Pablo Picasso considered himself a "modern primitive" and drew bulls in different art genres, inspired by the Paleolithic cave drawings.
Musical Instruments (03:08)
Archeologists discovered flutes, wind instruments, and bullroarers. Ruppert Till used computer software and acoustics to determine the relationship between music and cave paintings. There were only a few examples of the human figure in European art during the Paleolithic era.
Civilization Grows (03:45)
"La Dame de Brassempouy" was found in a cave in southwestern France and depicted a beautiful woman. Domestication of animals, growing crops, and irrigation began around ten thousand years ago. The first cities erupted between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.
Images of Bulls (02:53)
Egyptians began trading with the Minoans in Pseira, Crete. Arthur Evans excavated Knossos, Crete in 1905 and restored part of the ancient city. Mainland Greeks placed the labyrinth which is home of the Minotaur.
Spread and Demise of Minoan Civilization (05:49)
On Santorini, artists decorated their city with frescoes of their seafaring adventures. When a volcano erupted Akrotiri was buried under ash and pumice. Jack Davis and Sharon Stocker discovered gold rings in the Minoan style while excavating the grave of a Mycenaean warrior.
Petra, Jordan (06:09)
The Nabataeans, a nomadic people who rode camels, built the city as a trading center for incense. Torrential flash flooding occurred annually and its people trapped the water. A series of earthquakes and the change of the trade routes led to the city's demise.
Forgotten Civilization (03:36)
Scientists discovered bronze masks accidentally in Samxingdui in the province of Sichuan. Chinese archeologists previously believed that its civilization arose along the banks of the Yellow River. Cultural exchange occurred between the two civilizations.
Jungle of Mexico (06:36)
The city of Calakmul was once one of the most powerful cities in the Mayan Empire. In cities, architecture reinforced cultural hierarchy and created a shared narrative and sense of identity. King Yuknoom Took' K'awiil ruled for almost thirty years; glyphs showed the story of their respective city-states.
Copán Honduras (04:17)
The hieroglyphic staircase explained the history of the city. Mayan pyramids were built on top of each other. K'inich Yax K'uk' Mo' funerary temple facade was constructed eight years after the founder's death.
End of the Mayan Empire (02:57)
The Mayan Civilization collapsed between the eighth and ninth century. Its people returned to the jungles of its ancestors.
Credits: The Second Moment of Creation: Episode 1 (00:29)
Credits: The Second Moment of Creation: Episode 1
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