Reptiles in Indonesia and Introduction (01:50)
Indonesia consists of the largest cluster of islands on Earth and lies between Asia and Australia. The islands have diverse wildlife on land and sea. There are hundreds of species of reptiles across the archipelago.
Saltwater Crocodile (05:11)
The planet’s largest living reptile sees a group of proboscis monkeys near the water; the monkeys can swim well. The male crocodile mates with a female underwater and she will lay eggs in six weeks.
Komodo Dragon (04:47)
Komodo Island has the perfect habitat for Komodo dragons. The dragons are the largest lizard on the planet, have armor-plated skin, and a whip-like tail. A dragon strikes and wounds a deer.
Draco Lizard (04:25)
Borneo has some of the oldest rainforests that provide homes for diverse animal populations. The Draco can change the color of its skin from bright greens to shades of brown. They are territorial and use a brightly-colored dewlap to entice females and intimidate males that enter their territory.
Paradise Tree Snakes (05:34)
Tree snakes can have colors that range from green to blac; they live in the rainforests. A snake suspends itself, leaps from tree to tree, and creates a flattened position to glide. Draco lizards have retractable wings that allow it to glide.
Rhinoceros Hornbill (02:15)
Warm-blooded, modern-day birds are descendants of dinosaurs. The hornbill is one of the largest birds on the archipelago and has a colorful casque, resembling a second bill. They are great seed distributors and add to plant diversity on the islands.
Maleo Bird (04:07)
Males dig holes in the sand for their female partners to lay eggs. To confuse monitor lizards and keep their eggs safe, maleos dig false pits.
Cassowaries live on the rainforest floor; they lost the ability to fly. It uses its head to move vegetation and search for fruit. Feathers keep the birds dry during monsoon season and their legs have a large claw they can use as a weapon.
Predator and Prey (03:32)
A Komodo dragon's saliva is laced with venom that makes prey too weak to defend itself. A deer bitten by a dragon falls and attracts other Komodo dragons. The dragons feast and little of the carcass remains.
Evolution of Reptiles (04:47)
Indonesia provides the perfect environment for reptiles and amphibians. Some tree frogs create foam nests on foliage to deposit eggs. A female saltwater crocodile constructs a mound to lay eggs; she guards the nest for months.
Yellow-Lipped Sea Kraits (05:12)
A small island off of Borneo provides a perfect environment for a large population of sea snakes. Sea kraits swim across coral to shed their skin. They are specialist feeders and only eat eels.
Sea Turtles (02:26)
Indonesia has one of the largest coral reefs and provides foraging grounds for some of the largest marine reptiles. The reef acts as a stopping point for turtles traveling on the migration highway. Green and hawksbill turtles congregate to use cleaner fish and coral to clean their shells of barnacles, parasites, and algae.
Hatching Crocodiles (03:26)
A saltwater crocodile hears the chirps of young and excavates the eggs; she rolls some eggs in her mouth if the hatchlings need help. The mother takes her babies to the water where they start hunting.
Credits: The Dragon's Domain—Wildest Indonesia (00:32)
Credits: The Dragon's Domain—Wildest Indonesia
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