Dr. Gardner Murphy discusses the impact of William Stern, Gordon Allport, Philip Vernon, and Max Wertheimer on his research into personality. In membership character, any attribute is recognized as belonging to a whole. Interview studies, projective tests, and life history methods are making headway to demonstrate that a person feels better toward himself after therapy.
Perception Cognition (05:35)
The perceptual cognitive aspect of personality needs to be fully explored in "New Look" psychology. Neurophysiologists point out that action arises from the integration of extra-receptive, propio-receptive, and intra-receptive source materials. Murphy discusses subliminal perception and whether it can be persuasive.
Extrasensory Perception (04:34)
Gardner explains how research of Sir William Barrett, Leonard T. Troland, Joseph Banks Rhine, and George Estabrooks influenced his own research. Gertrude Schmeidler is having issues replicating experiment outcomes. Joseph Banks Rhine first coins the term ESP to incorporate both telepathy and clairvoyance.
Controlling Matter and ESP (06:07)
Murphy advocates studying telekinesis and discusses a survey conducted among American psychologists in which five to six percent claimed telepathy happens. Paranormal experiments are considered whimsical. Experiments from Wilhelm Wundt, Hermann Ebbinghaus, and Sigmund Freud are also criticized by conservative psychologists.
Developments in Experimental Psychology (08:18)
Sociocultural or sensory deprivation may dehumanize the individual; Lois Barclay Murphy's research demonstrates the need for rich conditions during childhood development. Hallucinogenic drugs, yoga, and other methods of expanding human experience need to be thoroughly investigated. A bio-social approach dictates that responses are simultaneously biological and social.
Collaborative Research (05:25)
Eugene Leonard Hartley, George Klein, and other psychologists' research influenced Murphy's interest in studying the impulsive motivating factors in perception-cognition. Primitive and Naive processes caused by rigid and stereotyped constructions need to be outgrown. An individual can study proprioceptive and interoceptive feedback to become aware of his own biases.
"The Child's Conception of the World" and "The Moral Judgment of the Child" only contain a little sketch that explores motivation. Internal factors and expectations dictate attitude but play a limited role.
Child Development (05:29)
Murphy does not know if biological needs dictate an individual's perceptual growth. After Dr. Sigmund Freud switches to psychiatry, he grows skeptical of experimental psychology's methodology. Highlights of Murphy's career include pioneering experimental social psychology and working with Theodore Newcomb and Eugene Hartley.
Credits: Dr. Gardner Murphy (00:46)
Credits: Dr. Gardner Murphy
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